JPET: A Humanized Glycoprotein VI (GPVI) Mouse Model to Assess the Antithrombotic Efficacies of Anti-GPVI Agents
A Humanized Glycoprotein VI (GPVI) Mouse Model to Assess the Antithrombotic Efficacies of Anti-GPVI Agents
In Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics April 2012, 341 (1) 156-163, published on April 2012
Pierre Henri Mangin, ChaoJun Tang, Catherine Bourdon, Stéphane Loyau, Monique Freund, Béatrice Hechler, Christian Gachet, and Martine Jandrot-Perrus
Glycoprotein VI (GPVI) has been proposed as a promising antiplatelet target, because its blockade prevents experimental thrombosis without impairing hemostasis. The objective of this study was to develop a preclinical tool to evaluate the role of human GPVI (hGPVI) in various models of thrombosis and to screen anti-GPVI compounds. A genetically modified mouse strain expressing hGPVI has been developed using a knockin strategy. The mice were viable and fertile and did not present any hematological defects. Approximately 3700 copies of human GPVI were detected at the platelet surface. Platelet aggregation, fibrinogen binding, and P-selectin exposure were normal in response to various agonists. The 9O12.2 Fab fragment directed against human GPVI bound to hGPVI platelets in vitro and ex vivo and markedly reduced collagen- and collagen-related peptide-induced responses. Injection of 9O12.2 into hGPVI animals did not prolong the tail bleeding time but provided protection against lethal thromboembolism induced by a collagen/adrenaline mixture. In addition, 9O12.2 reduced arterial thrombus growth by 44% after superficial laser injury, 43% after deep laser injury in mice pretreated with hirudin, and 48% after mechanical injury. In conclusion, we have developed a humanized mouse model that could be used in preclinical studies to evaluate the effects of anti-GPVI compounds.